Courtney Blair, Erica Gralla, Jarrod Goenztal, Katie Picchione, Tim Russel
Partners: George Washington University (GWU), USAID
Smallholder farmers are critical to Uganda's agricultural sector, which is the country's largest employer and accounts for two-thirds of the labor force. The major issues that smallholder farmers face include no reliable market, lack of the proficient agricultural knowledge, and lack of cash input to finance their operations. Improvements in the sector are necessary to eradicate the hardships of widespread poverty and undernutrition by generating jobs, boosting incomes, and sustaining economic growth. Feed the Future focuses its investments in Uganda in the maize, bean, and coffee value chains, due to their market, income, and nutritional potentials. This Feed the Future project focuses on improving these value chains by strengthening the production capacity of farmer organizations, formalizing market coordination to match supply with demand, and aiding in connecting smallholder farmers to inputs and markets.
Goals of the Feed the Future Market System Monitoring (MSM) activity are to develop new approaches that assess the impact of market facilitation activities in the USAID/Uganda Feed the Future Value Chain (FTF-VC) project and to assess systemic change in markets in cooperation with the relevant partners. This effort should complement monitoring and evaluation efforts of individual's activities with methods to assess how the combination of activities in the project portfolio is enabling systemic change in markets.
In order to depict the market system for maize, beans, and coffee in Uganda, the MSM team has developed two types of maps - a supply chain role map and a behaviors-relationships-conditions map. The supply chain role map provides an overview of main roles in the system and the most important flows among them (materials, finance, services). The behaviors- relationships-conditions map provides a picture of the potential pathways for change in the system by depicting behavior changes, relationship changes, and system conditions, connected by arrows indicating elements that enable others. These maps are intended to be living documents, that will be updated and released once per year, to be used and modified by any organization for its own specific purposes.